African Creeks: Estelvste and the Creek Nation

African Creeks: Estelvste and the Creek Nation

By: Gary Zeller

Price: $37.00

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Book Condition: new


Among the Creek, they were known as Estelvste--black people--and they had lived among them since the days of the first Spanish. They spoke the same language as the Creeks, ate the same foods and shared kinship ties. The author explores the full history of African Americans among the Creeks from the 16th century through Oklahoma statehood.


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Among the Creeks, they were known as Estelvste--black people--and they had lived among them since the days of the first Spanish entradas. They spoke the same language as the Creeks, ate the same foods, and shared kinship ties. Their only difference was the color of their skin.

This book tells how people of African heritage came to blend their lives with those of their Indian neighbors and essentially became Creek themselves. Taking in the full historical sweep of African Americans among the Creeks, from the sixteenth century through Oklahoma statehood, Gary Zellar unfolds a narrative history of the many contributions these people made to Creek history.

Drawing on a wealth of primary sources, Zellar reveals how African people functioned as warriors, interpreters, preachers, medicine men, and even slave labor, all of which allowed the tribe to withstand the shocks of Anglo-American expansion. He also tells how they provided leaders who helped the Creeks navigate the onslaught of allotment, tribal dissolution, and Oklahoma statehood.

In his compelling narrative, Zellar describes how African Creeks made a place for themselves in a tolerant Creek Nation in which they had access to land, resources, and political leverage--and how post-Civil War "reform" reduced them to the second-class citizenship of other African Americans. It is a stirring account that puts history in a new light as it adds to our understanding of the multi-ethnic nature of Indian societies.

Title: African Creeks: Estelvste and the Creek Nation

Author Name: Gary Zeller

Categories: Oklahoma Research, Native American, Free Shipping Media Mail, African American, Creeks,

Edition: 1st

Publisher: DENVER ART MUSEUM: 2007

ISBN Number: 0806138157

ISBN Number 13: 9780806138152

Binding: library

Book Condition: new

Jacket Condition: new

Type: hardcover

Size: 6x9

lbs: 0.00 lbs

Seller ID: ou1905

Keywords: Creeks, Native Americans, Oklahoma, slaves, African Americans, blacks,